|제목||(국영문 동시 배포) 고환경 연구로‘월성 숲’복원의 밑그림 그린다|
|보도일||2020년 04월 01일|
- 국립경주문화재연구소, 5세기 고대 신라 동식물 연구로 복원 청사진 제시 -
이렇게 수집한 식물자료에 대한 규조(珪藻)․화분 분석 등의 자연과학 연구를 토대로 신라인들이 가시연꽃이 가득 핀 해자를 보며 걷고, 느티나무 숲에서 휴식을 취했을 5세기 신라 왕궁의 풍경을 제시할 것이다.
또한, ?삼국사기?(三國史記)에 기록된 신라 사람들의 곰 가죽 이용에 대한 내용을 고고학적 자료를 통해 확인하였다.
Drawing the blueprint for the restoration of ‘Wolseong Forest’ through paleoenvironmental research
The Gyeongju National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage (the GNRICH, Director Lee Jong-Hoon), under the Cultural Heritage Administration, achieved research results on organic matters identified at moats of Wolseong in Gyeongju for four years from 2016 to 2019. This achievement will be presented at the World Archaeology Congress (the WAC), which is a global academic conference to be held in Prague, the Czech Republic, in July next year. (the WAC originally planned to be held this July but it has been postponed to next year due to Coronavirus Pandemic.)
The WAC has the highest authority of archaeological research and more than 100 countries around the world participate in it. A session for the GNRICH is organized at the WAC in Plague next year. The GNRICH will present a blueprint for a restoration and results of paleoenvironment research on ‘Wolseong Forest’, which was surrounding the royal palace of the ancient Silla in the 5th century.
The paleoenvironmental research studies the relationship between ancient people and their surroundings, which was difficult to understand by excavation research alone. Organic matters from the excavation lead to anticipate the food of ancient people and their environment. Moreover, those organic matters provide crucial clues to reconstruct the lifestyles of the ancients and their living conditions. Because of that, the paleoenvironmental research is recognized as a very important field in archaeology. The GNRICH organized a ‘paleoenvironmental research team’ for the first time in Korea in 2017 and has been working to restore the intact history and culture of the ancient Silla by securing various research samples from the excavation researches.
The results of paleoenvironmental research on Wolseong and its surroundings, which will be presented through the WAC, are largely divided into three parts.
At the first, it is the research achievement of various plants and grains including seeds and fruits of the Silla era. The GNRICH excavated 63 species of seeds and fruits of the Silla era around the Wolseong and this was the largest quantity in the domestic excavation. Since then, 10 more species are identified. Based on natural scientific research of collected plant remains such as diatomic and pollen analyses, it suggests landscapes of Silla palace in the 5th century, where the Silla people might walk around the moats full of prickly water lilies and take a rest in the zelkova forest.
Typical seeds identified on Wolseong are seeds of Paulownia wood and Ricinus. This is the first time to discover the seeds of Paulownia wood and Ricinus from the 5th century in ancient ruins. This research shows that the seeds of the Paulownia wood were a native species of Korea and the seeds of the Ricinus were introduced species, which was brought in for the use of it.
Lastly, one of the great achievements is the attempt to focus on a single archaeological site to study the environment systematically. The GNRICH has tried to predict the ancient landscape, weather and climate namely precipitation and restore the life of ancient people, which was reflected in the ritual. These are the recent trend and uses of international research in archaeology.
The GNRICH will share these achievements of the paleoenvironmental research and its direction with scholars and research institutions in Korea in order to introduce and spread this research process and achievements through an academic conference, which will be held in September. The GNRICH will continue to research and strive to restore the history and culture of Silla, the lifestyles of the Silla people and its circumstances through the diverse and elaborate paleoenvironmental research.
<해자에서 출토된 피마자 씨앗>
이 보도자료와 관련하여 더 자세한 내용 설명이나 취재를 원하시면 국립경주문화재연구소
메뉴담당자담당부서 : 문화재청 담당자 : 문화재청 대변인실 연락처 : 042-481-4672